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“This guideline partially updates and replaces ‘Infection control: prevention of healthcare- associated infection in primary and community care’ (NICE clinical guideline 2). A wide variety of healthcare is delivered in primary and community care settings. Healthcare- associated infections arise across a wide range of clinical conditions and can affect patients of all ages. Healthcare workers, family members and carers are also at risk of acquiring infections when caring for patients.
Healthcare-associated infections can occur in otherwise healthy individuals, especially if invasive procedures or devices are used. For example, indwelling urinary catheters are the most common cause of urinary tract infections, and bloodstream infections are associated with vascular access devices.”

NICE (2012) Infection: Prevention and control of healthcare-associated infections in primary and community care. NICE clinical guideline 139. Issued: March 2012. www.nice.org.uk/cg139

NICE clinical guideline 139: Prevention and control of HAI in primary and community care