The aim of the care bundle, as set out in this high impact intervention, is to ensure appropriate and high quality patient care. Regular auditing of the care bundle actions will support cycles of review and continuous improvement in care settings. Registered providers must audit compliance against key policies and procedures for infection prevention, inline with the relevant legislation at the time of publication. Peripheral intravenous cannula insertion is a commonly performed procedure, however has an associated risk of infection because of the potential for direct microbial entry to the bloodstream. Intravenous cannulae may be contaminated by the patient’s skin flora at the insertion site, or by the introduction of other organisms via the cannula hub or injection port. An Australian study showed a bacteraemia rate of 1 per 3,000 cannulae, and more recently an infection rate of 0.2 per 1,000 intravenous cannula days has been demonstrated. Referenced from Department of Health.